Endline Assessments are conducted at the end of a programme/ project/ intervention in order to measure the impact of an intervention. How do you know if a given intervention is working? How do you come to know if it is producing changes in a systematic manner?
For this, we conduct endline surveys. Endline assessments use comparative data and is the last and final leg of any longitudinal research project which may involve a needs assessment, a baseline study and a midline study. The problem, however, is that this data may not always be readily available. For this, we could use innovative techniques of qualitative data collection and analysis.
In order to conduct a smooth endline assessment, it is also important to conduct a pretest.
The endline survey is important to analyze the impacts of the project interventions over the course of the research study. These are often understood by comparing the data with set project indicators.
The study typically helps in answering key questions such as:
Impact of the study on the beneficiaries
Drawbacks of the policy (in case it’s an evaluation of a government policy)
Drawbacks of the study design
Gaps in the intervention
Drawbacks of the survey tool
Impact of the survey
Recommendations for the future
These questions are really important for policy formulation and implementation.
The outcome information is used by relevant stakeholders of the projects to help them gauge the impact of the study. This form of evaluation is gaining significant recognition and appreciation not just in developing countries but also western countries because of its usefulness. Based on the findings, the interested parties make data-driven decisions.
Let’s look at an example of a recent project conducted by Outline India, the parent company. Outline India together with its partner (name withheld) recently completed an extensive endline study in 2 districts, Mysore and Gulbarga in Karnataka in the Southern part of India. The goal was to understand the pain points for beneficiaries of the Rashtriya Swasthya Beema Yojana and to work towards making it more inclusive. The study touches upon various facets of availing health insurance, access to health care and financial constraints facing households in lower SECs.
The study helped us understand the drawbacks of the policy, the gaps in the implementation as well as the possible changes that could be made to the policy in the years to come.